GIANT DAM IN THE SELOUS GAME RESERVE SET TO FLOOD MOST OF THE PRESENT CORE TOURISM AREAS
(Posted 02nd August 2019)
By Jane Dalton, The Independent
The president of Tanzania has inaugurated a huge controversial hydroelectric dam project in a wildlife reserve at the centre of warnings over rhino and elephant populations.
Conservation groups have opposed the Stiegler’s Gorge project in the Selous Game Reserve, the country’s largest wildlife area, which Unesco says has one of the most significant concentrations of elephants and black rhinos.
President John Magufuli called the project “the start of economic liberation”, saying the reserve – which is also a haven for cheetahs and giraffes – has been considered a potential energy source for decades. Only one in 10 households in in the East African nation has access to the national grid and electricity prices are high.
“Beginning today, this will indicate that Tanzania is an independent country… and not a poor country,” Mr Magufuli said. The scheme, expected to take three years to finish, will mean chopping down 2.6 million trees to flood an area covering about 1,200sq km, including the habitats of the site’s last remaining black rhinos.
The dam would be 130 metres high and stretch 700 meters across the Stiegler Canyon at the Rufiji River, in a Unesco World Heritage Site that is one of Africa’s largest protected areas and relatively undisturbed by humans. The president said he hoped the project would boost industrial development.
“It’s time to benefit from our national resources,” he said. Opponents of the project say it could also threaten the livelihoods of tens of thousands of people downstream, who depend on the river for agriculture and fisheries.
Adds ATCNews:It is now almost habitual that anyone opposing President Magufuli and his government ends up in trouble, often prompting criminal cases being brought against his critics, which led to the local conservation fraternity staying largely silent on the domestic scene and relying on support of foreign based correspondents to highlight the plight of the Selous. Draconic media and publication laws enacted since he took office have also for all intent and purpose ripped the heart out of the social media and blogging scene, effectively stifling dissent.
Last month the IUCN, together with Unesco’s World Heritage Centre, called for an immediate halt to logging and other preparations, warning of “irreversible damage” if it went ahead. An independent review commissioned by IUCN highlighted the “inadequacy” of the environmental impact assessment.
“It would cut the heart out of the Selous reserve, with catastrophic impacts on the site’s wildlife and habitats,” said Peter Shadie, of the IUCN’s World Heritage Programme. After the inauguration, the Worldwide Fund for Nature said the game reserve was of “extraordinary importance” and urged Tanzania’s government to consider “less harmful energy alternatives”.
But earlier this month, Mr Magufuli downplayed fears for the environment, saying that by providing energy, the dam would deter locals from felling trees for fuel.
“I want to reassure everyone this project in fact aims to promote the environment,” Magufuli said, Business Day reported.
“Also, it’s just a small part of the reserve – just 3 per cent of the total area.” The president said the dam would not only meet national electricity needs but would also provide power to export.
The International Monetary Fund predicts the economy of Tanzania, will grow by 4 per cent this year, down from 6.6 per cent last year.
The Elephant Protection Initiative said the fact that a leading wildlife country was “prepared to contemplate drowning their natural crown jewels in pursuit of megawatts must serve as a serious wake-up call to everyone in conservation. We need to make the case urgently that wildlife conservation can not only pay for itself, but that it is often the best way for the human populations who live around it to realise their legitimate aspirations for development and prosperity. Destroying habitat may present the illusion of short-term economic gain, but in the long run is counterproductive, not just for wildlife of course, but also people and economies.”
Related article and additional links therein about the ‘Corridor of Destruction’ series written by ATCNews a few years ago:
President Magufuli, while laying the foundation stone of the project on the 26th of July, in one of his now notorious outburst aimed to defend the project, claimed that tourism operations and hunting blocks in the Selous contributed only peanuts to the national economy, a slap across the face of investors which had put up high class lodges and luxury tented camps, one of which already packed up and withdrew from operations.
Some of the companies contacted which still operate in the Selous have confirmed that they are paying all prerequisite taxes, permit fees, royalties and any other payments they are required to make under their respective business licences while visitors to their properties pay the reserve entrance fees while aircraft landing too generate revenue for the government.