#IATA traffic growth slows in September


The International Air Transport Association (IATA) announced global passenger traffic results for September showing that demand (measured in revenue passenger kilometers, or RPKs) rose 5.5% compared to the same month in 2017. This was a slowdown from the 6.4% growth recorded in August year-over-year. Capacity climbed 5.8% and load factor slipped for the first time in eight months, down 0.3 percentage point compared to the year-earlier period, to 81.4%.

IATA estimated that impacts from severe hurricane and typhoon activity in September shaved around 0.1-0.2 percentage point off expected growth. However, even after accounting for these impacts, monthly traffic demand was below the 6.7% year-to-date pace.

While September’s traffic growth was in line with the long-term average, it represents a moderation compared to recent months. This is likely owing to the anticipated reduced demand boost from lower airfares due to rising airline cost pressures, particularly fuel. Heightened uncertainty about trade policies and mounting protectionist policies may also be having an impact,” said Alexandre de Juniac, IATA’s Director General and CEO.

September 2018
(% year-on-year)
World share1 RPK ASK PLF
Total Market 100.0% 5.5% 5.8% -0.3% 81.4%
Africa 2.2% 2.3% 1.4% 0.6% 74.5%
Asia Pacific 33.7% 6.7% 6.0% 0.5% 80.8%
Europe 26.6% 5.4% 4.9% 0.4% 86.7%
Latin America 5.1% 6.3% 8.3% -1.5% 80.3%
Middle East 9.5% 1.4% 4.8% -2.4% 72.1%
North America 23.0% 5.6% 7.2% -1.2% 80.7%
1% of industry RPKs in 2017 2Year-on-year change in load factor 3Load factor level
International Passenger Markets

International RPKs climbed 4.9% with airlines in all regions recording growth compared to 2017. Total capacity climbed 5.1%, and load factor dipped 0.1 percentage point to 81.2%.

  • Asia-Pacific airlines’ traffic rose 5.4% in September compared to the year-ago period. This was down from 7.4% annual growth in August. The steep decline in part reflects the impacts of typhoon activity in the region including the multi-day closure of Kansai International Airport. Capacity increased 4.3%, and load factor climbed 0.9 percentage point to 79.2%.
  • European carriers saw September RPKs rise 5.2% over September 2017, in line with August growth of 5.4%. However, the upward trend in seasonally-adjusted demand has slowed considerably since early 2018. Capacity climbed 4.9% and load factor edged up 0.2 percentage point to 87.0%, which was the highest among regions.
  • Middle East carriers had a 1.8% rise in demand, which was a four-month low. As in previous months, the volatility in the region’s growth rate mainly reflects the developments in 2017 such as the cabin ban on large portable electronic devices and the proposed travel bans to the US. Capacity rose 5.3%, and load factor fell 2.4 percentage points to 72.3%.
  • North American airlines experienced a 5.0% rise in demand in September, which was an increase over 3.7% year-over-year growth recorded in August. Capacity rose 5.4% and load factor fell 0.3 percentage point to 80.8%. Strong momentum in the US economy is helping underpin a pick-up in international demand for airlines in the region.
  • Latin American airlines’ demand surged 7.0%, strongest among regions and well above the 4.4% growth recorded in August. Traffic is staging a modest recovery from softness over the summer months that coincided with the general strikes in Brazil. Capacity climbed 9.8% — also the biggest increase among regions — and load factor fell 2.1 percentage points to 80.3%.
  • African airlines posted a 6.0% rise in RPKs in September, down from 6.8% in August. Capacity rose 4.9% and load factor edged up 0.8 percentage point to 74.6%. The healthy growth is taking place against an increasingly challenging economic backdrop for the region’s largest economies, South Africa and Nigeria.
Domestic Passenger Markets

Domestic demand climbed 6.5% in September compared to September 2017, which was a slowdown compared to 7.5% year-over-year growth in August. This was partly owing to afore-mentioned weather-related disruptions. Capacity rose 7.4% and load factor slipped 0.6 percentage point to 81.6%.

September 2018
(% year-on-year)
World share1 RPK ASK PLF
Domestic 36.2% 6.5% 7.4% -0.6% 81.6%
Australia 0.9% 0.9% -0.4% 1.1% 80.6%
Brazil 1.2% 3.5% 6.0% -2.0% 81.1%
China P.R 9.1% 9.3% 10.3% -0.7% 83.6%
India 1.4% 19.8% 18.8% 0.7% 84.7%
Japan 1.1% -5.0% -3.7% -1.0% 75.1%
Russian Fed. 1.4% 11.1% 8.5% 2.0% 87.0%
US 14.5% 6.2% 8.6% -1.8% 80.7%
1% of industry RPKs in 2017 2Year-on-year change in load factor 3Load factor level
*Note: the seven domestic passenger markets for which broken-down data are available account for 30% of global total RPKs and approximately 82% of total domestic RPKs
  • Japan’s domestic traffic plunged 5% as the devastating Typhoon Jebi took a big toll, including the multi-day closure of Kansai International Airport. The impact is likely to be short-lived, however.
  • Australia domestic traffic rose 0.9% in September, from a 1.7% rise in August. Demand has been tracking sideways in seasonally-adjusted terms over the past year or so.